Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83°-30' to 88°-00' longitude). It is an entirely land-locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.
Bihar Government initiated Festivals and Fairs:
The Bihar Tourism Department takes active part in promoting about 22 festivals in the State. Amongst those the few very popular ones are:
Buddha Festival: Organised at Bodhgaya, the World Heritage site to commemorate the occasion of the Buddha’s enlightenment. This festival is the true international festival of Bihar and tourists, scholars, delegates from all over the world congregate to salute the pioneering message of peace to bring equilibrium in human life.
Sonepur Festival: This cattle festival evolved around the transactions of the animals starts on the full moon day of Kartik month of Hindu calendar and is a month long affair. It is acclaimed as the biggest cattle fairs of the world and a massive crowd gatherer.
Rajgir Festival: This is organised to celebrate the cultural and historical importance of the ancient valley city Rajgir. The beautiful city with the panoramic landscape becomes a hotspot as multicultural tourist destination during this festival.
Vaishali Festival: The auspicious birthday of the 24th Tirthankara of Jains observed in Vaishali at the occasion of Mahavir Jayanti. Bihar Divas Day: 22nd March is celebrated with a great pomp to commemorate the formation day of the State.
Kako Festival: The State promoted Sufi festival at Kako in the district of Jehanabad is becoming popular amongst tourists. It is celebrated on the occasion of Urs at Hazrat Kamal Saheb Bibi's mausoleum.