Till the fourteenth century, the only inhabitants of the city now called Mumbai, were tiny communities of 'Koli' fishermen. The area consisted of seven islands that are now united by massive land reclamation projects. You can see a part of this past in the 'Worli Fishing Village' where the locals and their maritime occupations have not seen much change in the last six hundred years.
In 1668 the East India Company secured a lease for this prime maritime location (from the British authorities) for a token payment. This began the development of what is now an amazing city of almost 15 million people. The British left a legacy that includes some fascinating architecture, such as the massive Gothic structure once famous as Victoria Terminus (now called Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus), and currently used by two and a half million commuters every day.
Mumbai is India's version of New York City, combined with Hollywood. It is India's financial capital, and by far the busiest port for India's international trade. It's also the home of the largest motion picture industry in the world. Your visit includes stops at the 'Gateway To India' and the ancient Elephanta caves. You can choose from a large selection of other options to explore, from institutions like the Prince Of Wales Museum and National Gallery Of Modern Art to ancient temples and crowded bazaars.
You can also ask for a tour of one of the mega studios that produce hundreds of movies a year, or pay a visit to the Nehru Center and it's impressive planetarium. A fascinating stop can be the 'Saat Rasta Dhobi Ghat', where many generations of Mumbai's Dhobi's have practiced their trade.