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Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves

The Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out as huge residential blocks for the Jain monks, during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri, meaning Sunrise Hill, has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri, which is a double-storied monastery.