Located on the banks of the Hindu holy river Ganga, "The Eternal City" is one of the most visited pilgrimage destinations, in a land blessed with many. Near here (at Sarnath), about twenty five hundred years ago, the Lord Buddha preached his message of Enlightenment for the very first time. Two thousand years ago, it was a well planned city, renown for its universities and places of worship.
It has survived onslaughts by India's Mughal Emperors, who destroyed some of the ancient Hindu temples and learning centers. The famous Ghats, Hindu Temples, Muslim Mosques, and various museums are almost all worth a visit.
A heritage walking tour of the city is included, as are sunrise & sunset boat cruises on the holy river (Ganga). It's advisable to use the assistance of ETI support staff when visiting religious institutions; some temples are not open to non-Hindu's; there are other areas where photography is prohibited.